Sue Zupko, Sing it, Willie–On the Road Again, September 10, 2014

NOAA Teacher at Sea
Sue Zupko
Aboard NOAA Ship Henry B. Bigelow
September 7-19, 2014

Mission: Autumn Bottom Trawl Leg I
Geographical Area of Cruise: Atlantic Ocean from Cape May, NJ to Cape Hatteras, NC
Date: September 10, 2014

Weather Data from the Bridge
Lat 37°38’N
Lon 075°15.8W
Present Weather CL
Visibility 10 +nm
Wind 025° 10kts

Sea Level Pressure 1016.2
Sea Wave Height 3-4 ft
Temperature: Sea Water 26.6°C
Air 24.8° C

Science and Technology Log


We are now “on the road again” trawling. The nets were lowered at about 7:30 am. I was surprised by how small our catch has been. The scientists are not at all surprised. They said because of the time of year, many fish are in the estuaries spawning (reproducing). Today we have been on the edge of the continental shelf off the coast of Delaware and Virginia. When we get in closer, the scientists say we will have a lot more fish in our net.

It is fascinating how they are selecting sites for sampling.The sea floor needs to be fairly flat to pull a net across. We learn what the bottom is like using sonar. A multi-beam sonar on the bottom of the hull is in the center of the ship. There is also a single-beam sonar there. They serve two different purposes. The single-beam looks straight down the water column. It is like a really bright penlight. This shows what is in the water column such as fish and plankton. It also can reach greater depths since its light is stronger. The multi-beam is more like a floodlight. It spreads out over the bottom revealing all the different levels of the ground. These sonar beams bounce off the bottom and send the ship information. The crew  watches the sonar information and scouts for a good area to drop our nets. Of course, there are certain areas where samples need to be taken. They are trying to repeat a tow at the same time every year within a strata area. “So what is a strata?” I asked.

Geoff Shook, our survey technician, reads the information on the display
Geoff Shook, our survey technician, reads the information on the display

Strata lines are like lines on a topographic map on land. It is called a bathymetric map underwater. The lines on a bathymetric map are called strata lines. These are based on the different depths. The net needs to be pulled within the same strata at the same time each year. As long as a tow is within the strata the habitat is about the same. In order to get accurate population information, they must make at least two tows within a strata. Some of the strata are hundreds of square miles. Strata are the same depth range and habitat. Closer to the continental shelf, the strata are much narrower. Closer to shore, they are much wider. For example, strata 70 is 281 square nautical miles (nm). It is 55-110 m deep and is next to the shelf. However, strata 73 is closer to shore, is 2145 sq. nm, and is 27-55 m deep. Their habitats are different so random samples need to be taken within each.

So, I think of it like a chess board within a strata. If we want a random sample, we could drop a piece of soft clay from about a 1/2 m above the board. Where it hits is where we tow in that strata. Our first tow is at D5. The second piece of clay could fall on H2. So, there is where we would sample.

Then, when the ship is over top of the strata we will sample, it must find a safe area to tow which won’t tangle or break the net. You can’t get a sample with a broken net.

Notice the wires on the spools which haul the nets. On the first one the wire is tightly wrapped. On the second one the wire has a gap. This could lead it to break or more easily tangle. We are doing a deep tow tonight outside of the “normal” range of 366 m deep. However, it will not only give us new information, but will, hopefully, help rewrap the wire on the second spool so it will be tight. Have you ever tangled a loose fishing line on your reel? It is somewhat similar to that so we are trying to prevent this from happening later.

So, what have I been doing while waiting for a tow to complete? It depends. One time I told jokes with the scientists. Another I had a snack. Once I ate dinner. Right now, I’m working on my blog. Nap is not an option. I’ll explain that later.

It was a Win-Win Wednesday. We got some great fish by going deep, we explored some very deep water, the wire was rewound properly onto the spool, and we will have a shrimp fest tomorrow.

Meet the Crew

Luke Staiger, 2nd Cook
Luke Staiger, 2nd Cook

The old adage “an army runs on its stomach” holds true for a research vessel. Meet Luke Staiger, our 2nd cook. Luke is with the Bigelow on temporary assignment from the Reuben Lasker  in San Diego. NOAA members get moved around short term as needed. Luke has been with NOAA for 12 years. He has been cooking since he was a kid. His most important tool is an 8″ all purpose knife. It must be sharp and long-handled. If he could invent the perfect tool for the job, what do you suppose it would be? That’s right, a knife that is comfortable to hold all day.

Luke worked in a buffet restaurant so this is the perfect situation for him since it’s all buffet. He worked his way up to cook after doing other jobs at the restaurant. I’m looking forward to a breakfast that he prepares since cooking breakfast is his favorite.

Luke recognizes how important the work is that NOAA does. We need to preserve our resources, such as water, he says. NOAA keeps an eye on things so we don’t lose sight of what matters. When not on a boat, Luke enjoys fixing up cars, especially adding stereo systems. Luke has an easy going personality and a ready smile, making it pleasant to work with him.

How did he find NOAA? Similar to others that I have interviewed, he looked online. NOAA has good benefits, you get to travel, and the experience is good. His advice to my students is to gain lots of experience in your field, even if it’s just volunteering. You will find work if you do a good job and have a lot of experience.

Personal Log

Remember I said I won’t get a nap during my 20 minutes between tows? It is interesting how our stateroom (cabin/bedroom) works. There are four of us in our stateroom. When I leave to go to work, I cannot go back until the end of my watch. I carry everything with me so it is like the private room for two other women. Then I only have one room mate. We get the room for 12 hours. There are curtains around our beds and we wear earplugs. I hardly know that the other scientist on my watch, Lacey, is even there. All I do is check to see if her curtain is closed. That means, “I’m asleep.”

Did You Know?

Did you know that there is an anchor-cleaning device onboard the ship? It sprays salt water at 150 psi (pounds per square inch). The anchor gets pretty dirty sitting on the ocean floor when we are at anchor. They don’t want all that dirt on the ship in the anchor locker, so it gets cleaned. A clean ship is a happy ship.

Question of the Day

Why would different depths affect which fish live there?

Vocabulary Word

Sonoluminescence. This is short bursts of light from imploding bubbles in water (or in a liquid) when excited (moved around) by sound. A mantis shrimp is capable of sonoluminescence because the high speed of its front legs is capable of creating and rapidly shrinking air bubbles. The bubble looks like a spark underwater with no fire.

Something to Think About

If we don’t preserve our fisheries, which is what NOAA is researching, soon there won’t be any fish.

Challenge Yourself

We used a deep-water protocol, which is between 183 and 366 m. If you are fishing in a strata that is 200 feet deep, would you fall in the deep-water protocol?

Animals Seen Today

Here are pictures of what we saw today in our really deep water trawl.



32 Replies to “Sue Zupko, Sing it, Willie–On the Road Again, September 10, 2014”

  1. So glad to see you are out of port. We loved the photos of the sea life. Thank you for the great slide show. We have a question. Do the scientists put all the fish back into the ocean or do they keep them as samples?

    1. It will be interesting to see how much weight I’ve gained from this trip. I don’t normally get to eat breakfast, which is Luke’s favorite meal to prepare. Am still asleep. However, I will grab a warm breakfast sandwich he made earlier. Yum. The food is fantastic. We have had everything from scallops and shrimp dishes, salads and fruit, cakes and cookies, pork and beef. Pretty much, you name it and we’ve had it. Remember it is buffet-style so we not only have variety, but it’s all good.

    1. Have you seen the diversity of our catch? We catch a lot more than what I put up. Often, they travel to another station so I don’t get a picture of it or even see it.

    1. That would be interesting to see a Narwhale. I believe the habitat is wrong for us to see one of those in the Atlantic basin. Look that up and see what the distribution (where it lives most) is. Let me know what you find.

    1. In the ocean:) Now, Melvyn, you know I am going to say you should look that up. Let me know what you find out and teach us. All I know for sure is they are in the Atlantic basin since that’s where we have caught them.

  2. Hello Ms Zupko. We just checked Istanbul’s Latitude. It is 41. So we now know you are sailing south of Istanbul right now because you are sailing at a latitude of about 37 degrees. I wonder if the drifter will be dropped north or south of 41 degrees latitude.
    The very famous ancient city of Ephesus ( Where the Ephesians lived) is in Turkey at about a latitude of 37 degrees. If you could stay on the latitude of 37 degrees and move east for a few thousand km you would reach Ephesus on the Aegean sea. You could actually stay the whole way on the ship. Just go across the atlantic Ocean, go through the straight of Gilbralter and keep heading east throughout the Mediterranean Sea and turn a little north to reach the Aegean Sea. I am not sure if the captain of your ship will agree to my suggested sightseeing tour.

    1. Check my blog and have the students calculate our ETA from Newport to Istanbul if we traveled at 10 kts per hour. Sure would be cool to sail over and see you. One of the scientists said he was in Istanbul a few years back and loved it.

  3. I have a new post up, Ms. Hills. It explains the process and what we do with the fish. Most are put on a conveyor after they are examined or processed and slide back into the sea. Some are frozen. Others are preserved in formalin. It depends on the research data needed from the specimen. It is amazing. The diversity in the ocean is unbelievable. My roommate, Lacey, works as an observer on a commercial fishing boat. She said a bucket of red fish look very similar, but they might be four or five different species. It is hard on the eyes. I am getting better at differentiating the different species which are similar. It’s not always easy, let me tell you.

  4. Nathan, we sunk the cups two nights ago. I will tell about it in a future blog. You will get to vote on what you think happened. I believe all the cups came back up, unlike my first cup which got lost at sea from a ripped bag.

  5. Anna, hope you voted for the Black Belly Rose Fish. I learned how it got its name. It obviously has a red belly (underside). It has a black lining in its mouth. Lacey explained that that black inside the mouth goes all the way around the stomach inside. How cool is that? Thanks for the comment. Love hearing from my grandchildren as well as students, parents, teachers, and friends.

  6. Sterling, there are so many fish in our sample I can’t count that high. I would bet our database would tell me how many we processed. Heath is going to explain about our database later. I will let you know.

  7. Audrey, I am sitting on the flybridge, the highest deck I can go to. All the radar equipment is up here so I am at a picnic table in the shade typing. Yeah for the wireless internet. I see some electrical outlets. I will make sure they are the right voltage before using if I need to. Anyway, to answer your question on shrimp size, I held a couple as big as my hand. Others were so tiny we had to really look to find them. Others were even smaller and probably too small for our net, but were in a fish’s stomach. The marine food web is truly amazing.

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