NOAA Teacher at Sea Jennifer Fry Onboard NOAA Ship, Oscar Elton Sette March 12 – March 26, 2012
Mission: Fisheries Study Geographical area of cruise: American Samoa Date: March 19, 2012
5.Once the crane operator lifts the unit out of the water, scientists guide the C.T.D. onto the deck.
2. The C.T.D. is ready to be deployed into the ocean. Using a team of scientists, a crane, and crane operator the heavy unit is carefully guided into the water.
CTD Operations: Conductivity, Temperature, and Depth
The CTD Operations onboard the Sette are conducted by Evan Howell, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, Megan Duncan, Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research at the University of Hawaii, and Scott Allen, NOAA survey tech. The CTD platform, which resembles a giant wedding cake constructed of painted steel, contains multiple instruments that can measure water characteristics including pressure, temperature, salinity, oxygen levels, and chlorophyll concentration.
It takes 30 readings per second as it sinks towards the seafloor.
The CTD records data as it sinks and ascends, but only data from the downcast is used, insuring the instruments are recording data in an uninterrupted “profile” of the water column. All data collected helps capture ocean characteristics. The acquired data will be shared with the American Samoa Department of Marine and Wildlife Resources scientists and compared with the data they have collected previously.
Using prior data, current CTD data, and acoustic Doppler current profiler, a type of sonar detecting water currents, scientists can determine patterns in the oceans of American Samoa and compare them.